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Organelle: Quiz

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Question 1: Mitochondria and chloroplasts, which have double-membranes and their own ________, are believed to have originated from incompletely consumed or invading prokaryotic organisms, which were adopted as a part of the invaded cell.
DNAProteinRNAGene

Question 2: The name organelle comes from the idea that these structures are to cells what an organ is to the body (hence the name organelle, the suffix -elle being a ________).
Swedish languageDiminutiveEnglish languageGerman language

Question 3: The most notable of these organelles having originated from ________ bacteria are:
DNAOrganismEndosymbiontEvolution

Question 4: ________ are one of the most structurally complex cell type, and by definition are in part organized by smaller interior compartments, that are themselves enclosed by lipid membranes that resemble the outermost cell membrane.
EukaryoteFungusProtistPlant

Question 5: Vesicles (Exosome - Lysosome - ________ - Phagosome - Vacuole)
Cell (biology)Cell membraneCell nucleusEndosome

Question 6: In ________, an organelle (pronounced /ɔrɡəˈnɛl/) is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, and is usually separately enclosed within its own lipid bilayer.
GeneticsCell biologyMolecular biologyBiochemistry

Question 7: ________ - Nucleus (and Nucleolus) - Endoplasmic reticulum - Golgi apparatus - Peroxisome - Parenthesome
Cell (biology)Vesicle (biology)Cell membraneCell wall

Question 8: ________ were once thought not to have organelles, but some examples have now been identified.
ProkaryoteGram-positive bacteriaCyanobacteriaBacteria

Question 9: Around 1920, the term organelle was used to describe propulsion structures ("motor organelle complex", i.e., flagella and their anchoring)[10] and other protist structures, such as ________.
DinoflagellateApicomplexaAlveolateCiliate

Question 10: From the context, it is clear that he referred to reproduction related structures of ________.
FungusProtistEukaryoteCiliate







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