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Operant conditioning: Quiz


Question 1: One of the practical aspects of operant conditioning with relation to ________ is the use of shaping (reinforcing successive approximations and not reinforcing behavior past approximating), as well as chaining.
Animal cognitionAnimal trainingEthologyAnimal language

Question 2: ________, the family of philosophies behind operant conditioning
William JamesPsychologyBehaviorismEvolutionary psychology

Question 3: [12][13] They showed that nucleus basalis neurons, which release ________ broadly throughout the cerebral cortex, are activated shortly after a conditioned stimulus, or after a primary reward if no conditioned stimulus exists.
DextromethorphanKynurenic acidAcetylcholineKetamine

Question 4: ________ (1904-1990) formulated a more detailed analysis of operant conditioning based on reinforcement, punishment, and extinction.
Neal E. MillerGeorge Armitage MillerB. F. SkinnerRoger Wolcott Sperry

Question 5: Operant conditioning is distinguished from ________ (also called respondent conditioning, or Pavlovian conditioning) in that operant conditioning deals with the modification of "voluntary behavior" or operant behavior.
Active recallMemory consolidationMemoryClassical conditioning

Question 6: Skinner's construct of instrumental learning is contrasted with what Nobel Prize winning biologist ________ termed "fixed action patterns," or reflexive, impulsive, or instinctive behaviors.
Nikolaas TinbergenKarl von FrischKonrad LorenzRenato Dulbecco

Question 7: ________, the application of operant behaviorism
ReinforcementApplied behavior analysisToken economyBehavioral activation

Question 8: Following the ideas of ________, Skinner rejected Thorndike's mediating structures required by "satisfaction" and constructed a new conceptualization of behavior without any such references.
Ludwig BoltzmannErnst MachAlbert EinsteinPhysics

Question 9: [14] Evidence also exists that ________ is activated at similar times.

Question 10: The first scientific studies identifying ________ that responded in ways that suggested they encode for conditioned stimuli came from work by Rusty Richardson and Mahlon deLong.
Glial cellPhotoreceptor cellNeuronNervous system


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