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Ontology: Quiz

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Question 1: It was later (4th century BC) that the originary atomism was taken again as indeterministic by ________.
EpicurusPlatoAristotleHeraclitus

Question 2: More specifically, ontology concerns determining whether some ________ are fundamental, and asks in what sense the items in those categories can be said to "be".
MetaphysicsImmanuel KantCategory of beingAristotle

Question 3: This relied to a great degree on insights derived from scientific research into animals taking instinctive action in natural and artificial settings — as studied by ________, ecology, and cognitive science.
LifeBotanyOrganismBiology

Question 4: Hence, ontology is inquiry into ________ in so much as it is being, or into being in general, beyond any particular thing which is or exists; and the study of beings insofar as they exist, and not insofar as, for instance, particular facts obtained about them or particular properties relating to them.
BeingAristotleTruthExistence

Question 5: When one applies this process to nouns such as electrons, energy, contract, happiness, space, time, truth, causality, and ________, ontology becomes fundamental to many branches of philosophy.
TheologyGodPantheismNontheism

Question 6: Ontology as an explicit discipline was inaugurated by ________, in his Metaphysics, as the study of that which is common to all things which exist, and of the categorisation of the diverse senses in which things can and do exist.
EmpiricismAristotleBertrand RussellPlato

Question 7: Descartes argued further that this knowledge could lead to a proof of the certainty of the existence of God, using the ontological argument that had been formulated first by ________.
Anselm of CanterburyBlaise PascalAugustine of HippoThomas Aquinas

Question 8: The principal questions of ontology are "What can be said to exist?" and "Into what categories, if any, can we sort existing things?" Various ________ have provided different answers to these questions.
PhilosophyPolitical philosophyDavid HumeAristotle

Question 9: René Descartes, with "________" or "I think, therefore I am", argued that "the self" is something that we can know exists with epistemological certainty.
Self (philosophy)Immanuel KantCogito ergo sumAristotle

Question 10: Sociological theorists, most notably George Herbert Mead and ________, saw the Cartesian Other as a "Generalized Other", the imaginary audience that individuals use when thinking about the self.
Erving GoffmanHistory of sociologyJürgen HabermasSociology







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