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Oil refinery: Quiz

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Question 1: What does the following picture show?

  The oil refinery in Haifa, Israel is capable of processing about 9 million tons (66 million barrels) of crude oil a year. Its two cooling towers are landmarks of the city's skyline.
  Storage tanks and towers at Shell Puget Sound Refinery (Shell Oil Company), Anacortes, Washington
  Crude oil is separated into fractions by fractional distillation. The fractions at the top of the fractionating column have lower boiling points than the fractions at the bottom. The heavy bottom fractions are often cracked into lighter, more useful products. All of the fractions are processed further in other refining units.

Question 2: Octane grade of gasoline can also be improved by catalytic reforming, which involves removing hydrogen from hydrocarbons producing compounds with higher octane ratings such as ________.
Chemical bondAromaticityConjugated systemCovalent bond

Question 3: Solvent dewaxing units remove the heavy waxy constituents ________ from vacuum distillation products.
Petroleum jellyPolydimethylsiloxaneE numberMineral oil

Question 4: Another early large refinery is Oljeön, ________ (1875), now preserved as a museum at the UNESCO world heritage site Engelsberg and part of the Ecomuseum Bergslagen.
DenmarkEstoniaFinlandSweden

Question 5: What does the following picture show?

  MiRO refinery at Karlsruhe
  Sarnia, Ontario is a major Great Lakes refining area for Shell, Imperial Oil, ExxonMobil, Suncor Energy, Dow Chemicals, Bayer, and others.
  Storage tanks and towers at Shell Puget Sound Refinery (Shell Oil Company), Anacortes, Washington
  Crude oil is separated into fractions by fractional distillation. The fractions at the top of the fractionating column have lower boiling points than the fractions at the bottom. The heavy bottom fractions are often cracked into lighter, more useful products. All of the fractions are processed further in other refining units.

Question 6: The petrochemicals may be olefins or their precursors, or various types of ________ petrochemicals.
Chemical bondCovalent bondAromaticityConjugated system

Question 7: ________
AP 42 Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission FactorsAir pollution dispersion terminologyValveAir pollution

Question 8: What does the following picture show?

  The oil refinery in Haifa, Israel is capable of processing about 9 million tons (66 million barrels) of crude oil a year. Its two cooling towers are landmarks of the city's skyline.
  Crude oil is separated into fractions by fractional distillation. The fractions at the top of the fractionating column have lower boiling points than the fractions at the bottom. The heavy bottom fractions are often cracked into lighter, more useful products. All of the fractions are processed further in other refining units.
  MiRO refinery at Karlsruhe
  Anacortes Refinery (Tesoro), on the north end of March Point southeast of Anacortes, Washington

Question 9: processed crude oil to recover the ________.
CarbonCoalPetroleumKerosene

Question 10: This refinery suffered extensive damage during the ________.
Post-invasion Iraq, 2003–presentSaddam HusseinGulf WarIran–Iraq War







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