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Nuclear physics: Quiz


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Question 1: Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies the building blocks and interactions of ________.
Atomic nucleusNuclear fusionNeutronUranium

Question 2: Superimposed on this classical picture, however, are quantum-mechanical effects, which can be described using the nuclear shell model, developed in large part by ________.
Max BornMaria Goeppert-MayerEugene WignerHans Bethe

Question 3: Experiments in 1911 by Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn, and by ________ in 1914 discovered that the beta decay spectrum was continuous rather than discrete.
Enrico FermiPatrick Blackett, Baron BlackettWerner HeisenbergJames Chadwick

Question 4: In ________, a nucleus decays from an excited state into a lower state by emitting a gamma ray.
Nuclear fissionX-rayNuclear fusionGamma ray

Question 5: There are 80 elements which have at least one stable ________ (defined as isotopes never observed to decay), and in total there are about 256 such stable isotopes.
AtomStable nuclideTechnetiumIsotope

Question 6: In the Yukawa interaction a virtual particle, later called a ________, mediated a force between all nucleons, including protons and neutrons.

Question 7: For example, in a process called ________ a nitrogen-16 atom (7 protons, 9 neutrons) is converted to an oxygen-16 atom (8 protons, 8 neutrons) within a few seconds of being created.
Nuclear fissionAlpha decayNuclear fusionBeta decay

Question 8: The process of ________ may be thought of as a special type of spontaneous nuclear fission.
Nuclear fusionGamma rayBeta decayAlpha decay

Question 9: By the turn of the century physicists had also discovered three types of ________ coming from atoms, which they named alpha, beta, and gamma radiation.
RadiationRadioactive decayIonizing radiationGamma ray

Question 10: Research to find an economically viable method of using energy from a controlled fusion reaction is currently being undertaken by various research establishments (see JET and ________).
DEMOITERFusion powerNuclear fusion

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