Question 1:
What does the following picture show?



Question 2: In counting problems, where the ________ includes a discretetocontinuum approximation and where infinitely divisible and decomposable distributions are involved, such as  

Question 3: Their ratio follows the standard ________: X_{1} ÷ X_{2} ∼ Cauchy(0, 1).  

Question 4: The standard normal density ϕ(x) is an eigenfunction of the ________.  

Question 5: An algorithm by West (2009) combines Hart’s algorithm 5666 with a ________ approximation in the tail to provide a fast computation algorithm with a 16digit precision.  

Question 6: What type is thing is Normal distribution?



Question 7: The ________ is the logarithm of the moment generating function:  

Question 8: When σ^{2} = 0, the density can be represented as a ________:  

Question 9: In ________ and statistics, the normal distribution or Gaussian distribution is a continuous probability distribution that often gives a good description of data that cluster around the mean.  

Question 10: The Gaussian distribution is one of many things named after ________, who used it to analyze astronomical data,^{[1]} and determined the formula for its probability density function.  

