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Nephron: Quiz


Question 1: The juxtaglomerular apparatus is a specialized region of the nephron responsible for production and secretion of the hormone ________, involved in the renin-angiotensin system.
ReninPlasma renin activityVasopressinErythropoietin

Question 2:
How do you write Nephron in latin?
arteria vesicalis inferior
nervus cardiacus cervicalis superior
foramen supraorbitale
tubulus renalis

Question 3: In the presence of ________, the distal convoluted tubule reabsorbs more calcium and excretes more phosphate.
GlucagonCalcitoninParathyroid hormoneEndocrine system

Question 4: A nephron eliminates wastes from the body, regulates blood volume and ________, controls levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulates blood pH.
Renin-angiotensin systemCirculatory systemBlood pressureVasodilation

Question 5: Its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the ________, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine.
BloodPlateletBlood plasmaRed blood cell

Question 6: Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, ________, and parathyroid hormone.

Question 7: Because of its importance in body fluid regulation, the nephron is a common target of drugs that treat high ________ and edema.
VasodilationRenin-angiotensin systemCirculatory systemBlood pressure

Question 8: (Although the figure labels the efferent vessel as a ________, it is actually an arteriole.)
Brachiocephalic veinInternal jugular veinVeinVertebral vein

Question 9: Fluids from blood in the glomerulus are filtered through the visceral layer of podocytes, and the resulting glomerular filtrate is further processed along the nephron to form ________.

Question 10: Nephron (from Greek νεφρός - nephros, meaning "kidney") is the basic structural and functional unit of the ________.
Urinary systemKidneyEndocrine systemLiver

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