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Nephritic syndrome: Quiz

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Question 1: ________[4] (high blood pressure)- mild
HypertensionEssential hypertensionAtherosclerosisAortic dissection

Question 2: An anti-streptolysin O titre (or ASOT) is typically done to test for exposure to ________.
StreptococcusEnterococcusClostridiumCorynebacterium

Question 3: [2] It's characterized by having small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins (proteinuria) and ________ (hematuria) to pass into the urine.
PlateletBlood plasmaRed blood cellHematology

Question 4: Both nephritic syndrome and ________ result in hypoalbuminemia due to protein albumin moving from the blood to the urine.
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosisNephrotic syndromeRenal tubular acidosisChronic kidney disease

Question 5: By contrast, ________ is characterized by only proteins (proteinuria) moving into the urine.
Chronic kidney diseaseRenal tubular acidosisNephrotic syndromeFocal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Question 6: The proteinuria in nephritic syndrome is not usually severe, but may occasionally be heavy enough to be in the range usually found in ________.
Chronic kidney diseaseNephrotic syndromeFocal segmental glomerulosclerosisRenal tubular acidosis

Question 7: Hematuria can be caused by bleeding anywhere in the urinary tract, but if the RBCs are trapped in urinary casts, it is more likely that the bleeding originated in the ________, and Nephritic syndrome becomes more probable.
NephronUrinary systemKidneyMedullary interstitium

Question 8: membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (malaria, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chronic infection, sickle-cell disease, SLE, ________/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura)
Escherichia coli O157:H7Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndromeBartonellosisHemolytic-uremic syndrome

Question 9: However, the common features are an ________ of the glomeruli, leading to salt and water retention (causing hypertension) and a reduction in the kidney function.
MeningitisVasculitisInflammationLeukocyte extravasation

Question 10: ________: PHAROH = Proteinuria, Hematuria, Azotemia, RBC casts, Oliguria, Hypertension
MnemonicEidetic memoryEmotion and memoryMemory







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