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Neonatal intensive-care unit: Quiz


Question 1: Oxygenation, through oxygen supplementation by head hood or nasal cannula, or even ________ (CPAP) or mechanical ventilation.
Acute respiratory distress syndromeIntensive-care medicineNeonatal intensive-care unitPositive airway pressure

Question 2: NICUs were developed in the 1950s and 1960s by pediatricians to provide better temperature support, isolation from ________ risk, specialized feeding, and greater access to specialized equipment and resources.

Question 3: ________ is the leading cause of death in preterm infants,[2] and the main treatments are CPAP, in addition to administering surfactant and stabilizing the blood sugar, blood salts, and blood pressure.
PneumothoraxPreterm birthInfant respiratory distress syndromeRespiratory disease

Question 4: From the early years, it was reported that a higher proportion than normal grew up with disabilities, including ________ and learning difficulties.
Spastic diplegiaCerebral palsyHereditary spastic paraplegiaHemiplegia

Question 5: Complications of extreme prematurity may include intracranial hemorrhage, chronic bronchopulmonary dysplasia (see ________), or retinopathy of prematurity.
Preterm birthPneumothoraxRespiratory diseaseInfant respiratory distress syndrome

Question 6: A NICU is typically directed by one or more neonatologists and staffed by nurses, ________, Nursery Nurses, physician assistants, resident physicians, and respiratory therapists.
Nurse practitionerCertified Nurse MidwifeNursingRegistered nurse

Question 7: An incubator (or open warmer or isolette[1]) is an apparatus used to maintain environmental conditions suitable for a ________, (newborn baby).
PregnancyPrenatal developmentAttachment theoryInfant

Question 8: NICU rotations are essential aspects of pediatric and obstetric residency programs, but NICU experience is encouraged by other specialty residencies, such as family practice, surgery, Pharmacy, and ________.
General practitionerPhysicianEmergency medicinePhysician assistant


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