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Naturalism (philosophy): Quiz


Question 1: Schafersman's definition rules out recourse to the ________.

Question 2: In Science and Theology News,[11] he attacks the conclusions of the Kitzmiller trial and suggests that the term "________" denotes any activity that is:
Scientific methodSocial sciencesPseudoscienceScience

Question 3: It is an ________ view that is specifically concerned with practical methods for acquiring knowledge, irrespective of one's metaphysical or religious views.

Question 4: He rejected it based on his general critique of induction (see ________), yet acknowledged its utility as means for inventing conjectures.
Willard Van Orman QuineEmpiricismImmanuel KantProblem of induction

Question 5: ________, when asked about the lack of mention of God in his work on celestial mechanics, is said to have replied, "I have no need of that hypothesis."
Isaac NewtonJoseph Louis LagrangePierre-Simon LaplaceLeonhard Euler

Question 6: Subsequent scientific revolutions would offer modes of explanation not inherently theistic for ________, geology, physics, and other natural sciences.

Question 7: W.V. Quine, ________, and other philosophers have advocated this view.
Immanuel KantGeorge SantayanaDavid HumeGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Question 8: Methodological naturalism is the principle underlying all of modern ________.
ScienceSocial sciencesPseudoscienceScientific method

Question 9: Methodological naturalism (or scientific naturalism) which focuses on ________: This stance is concerned with knowledge: what are methods for gaining trustworthy knowledge of the natural world?

Question 10: ________, (or ontological naturalism or philosophical naturalism) which focuses on ontology: This stance is concerned with existence: what does exist and what does not exist?
Immanuel KantRené DescartesMetaphysical naturalismGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel


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