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Natural history: Quiz


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Question 1: Modern uses exclude chemistry and almost all of physics (________ is sometimes included).

Question 2: They may also have microscopical and ________ sections.
GeologyNatureEarth scienceEarth

Question 3: Natural history is the scientific research of plants or ________, leaning more towards the observational than experimental methods of study, and encompasses more research that is published in magazines than in academic journals.

Question 4: Amateur collectors and natural history entrepreneurs played an important role in building the large natural history collections of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, such as the Smithsonian Institution's ________.
Freer Gallery of ArtNational Museum of Natural HistoryNational Air and Space MuseumArts and Industries Building

Question 5: Until well into the nineteenth century, knowledge was considered by Europeans to have two main divisions: the ________ (including theology), and studies of nature.
HumanitiesPerforming artsFine artSocial sciences

Question 6: Studies of nature could in turn be divided, with natural history being the descriptive counterpart to ________ which was the analytical study of nature.
Immanuel KantJohn LockeNatural philosophyIsaac Newton

Question 7: In modern Europe, professional disciplines such as physiology, botany, zoology, geology, and ________ were formed.
EcologyBiologyGeologic time scalePaleontology

Question 8: The English term 'natural history' is a translation of the ________ naturalis historia.
Vulgar LatinLatinRoman EmpireOld Latin

Question 9: Natural history begins with ________ and other ancient philosophers who analyzed the diversity of the natural world.
PlatoAristotleBertrand RussellEmpiricism

Question 10: Natural history museums, which evolved from ________, played an important role in the emergence of professional biological disciplines and research programs.
Cabinet of curiositiesAshmolean MuseumBritish MuseumLeiden

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