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Myoclonus: Quiz


Question 1: The presence of myoclonus above the foramen magnum effectively excludes spinal myoclonus, but further localisation relies on further investigation with electromyography (EMG) and ________ (EEG).
ElectroencephalographyEpilepsyNeurosurgeryNervous system

Question 2: Drugs used include sodium valproate, clonazepam and some other ________ such as piracetam and levetiracetam.
Mood stabilizerDissociativeDepressantAnticonvulsant

Question 3: The most common time for people to encounter them is while falling asleep (hypnic jerk), but myoclonic jerks are also a sign of a number of ________.
Nervous systemAlzheimer's diseaseNeurological disorderHuman brain

Question 4: Familiar examples of normal myoclonus include ________ and hypnic jerks that some people experience while drifting off to sleep.

Question 5: ________ are also a kind of myoclonic jerk specifically affecting the diaphragm.

Question 6: Some drugs currently being studied in different combinations include clonazepam, sodium valproate, ________, and primidone.

Question 7: Myoclonus (pronounced /maɪˈɒklənəs/) is brief, involuntary twitching of a ________ or a group of muscles.
MuscleHead and neck anatomyFasciaTorso

Question 8: For example, myoclonic jerking may develop in patients with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, or Opsoclonus Myoclonus, or ________ or lupus.
Creutzfeldt–Jakob diseaseHuntington's diseaseBipolar disorderAIDS dementia complex

Question 9: Barbiturates slow down the ________ and cause tranquilizing or antiseizure effects.
NeuronGrey matterCentral nervous systemWhite matter

Question 10: Anatomically, myoclonus may originate from lesions of the cortex, subcortex or ________.
Spinal cordGrey matterNervous systemHuman brain

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