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Mycology: Quiz

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Question 1: The Greek philosopher ________ of Eressos (371-288 B.C.) was perhaps the first to try to systematically classify plants; mushrooms were considered to be plants that were missing certain organs.
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-RaziTheophrastusAristotleAvicenna

Question 2: Today, the most comprehensively studied and understood fungi are the yeasts and eukaryotic model organisms ________ and Schizosaccharomyces pombe.
ProteinFungusAscomycotaSaccharomyces cerevisiae

Question 3: It was later ________ (23–79 A.D.), who wrote about truffles in his encyclopedia Naturalis historia.
Pliny the ElderRoman NavyCastraRoman Empire

Question 4: Historically, mycology was a branch of ________ (fungi are evolutionarily more closely related to animals than to plants but this was not recognized until a few decades ago).
BotanyBiologyEcologyFlowering plant

Question 5: Mushrooms were first written about in the works of ________ (480-406 B.C.).
AristophanesAncient GreeceSophoclesEuripides

Question 6: Many fungi produce toxins, ________, and other secondary metabolites.
Nucleic acid inhibitorATC code J01Antibiotic misuseAntibiotic

Question 7: From mycology arose the field of ________, the study of plant diseases, and the two disciplines remain closely related because the vast majority of plant pathogens are fungi.
Organic farmingPlant pathologyAgricultureSustainable agriculture







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