Did you know ...
scaly hedgehog (pictured) is actually a species of brown mushroom found in spruce forests and used to dye wool in Norway?
hexagonal-pored polypore mushroom produces the antifungal polypeptide alveolarin?
orange webcap mushroom (pictured) can bioaccumulate the toxic element mercury?
, a prized edible king stropharia mushroom, develops spiny cells which kill nematodes?
is actually a soapy knight mushroom, so named because of its strong smell of soap?
mushroom grows under Russula betularum birch, while the closely related is found under Russula emetica conifers?
the bright red
mushroom is found in Hygrocybe miniata rainforest and eucalypt forest in Australia and meadows in Europe and North America?
the bitter and inedible
mushroom Russula fellea (pictured) smells of geraniums or apple sauce?
pinwheel Marasmius (pictured) releases its spores in response to rain, rather than circadian rhythm like other mushrooms?
Orange-girdled Parasol mushroom has an odor that has been described as similar to rubber or cut metal?
Candy cap mushroom species Lactarius camphoratus has been used as part of a pipe tobacco mix?
specific epithet of the mushroom species is derived from the Crepidotus versutus Latin word meaning "clever"?
cap surface of the mushroom Strobilomyces foveatus (pictured) is covered with scales, while the spore surface is covered with spines?
is actually a small orange Saffron Parasol mushroom found throughout temperate regions of Europe and North America?
is a branched shanklet mushroom that grows on the decomposing remains of other mushrooms?
is actually a fluted black elfin saddle mushroom that appears in woodlands and lawns in North America and Europe?
mosaic puffball mushroom (pictured) can bioaccumulate the trace metals copper and zinc?
the buff and yellow
mushrooms ( fruiting bodies) of the fungus Boletus radicans (pictured) can reach 30 centimetres (12 in) in diameter?
the cuticle of the
mushroom , which was first described in Agaricus arorae Santa Cruz County, California, turns yellow in potassium hydroxide when cut?
the red-purple coloured inedible
mushroom has a hot peppery taste?
Russula sardonia the red
mushroom , known as the "bloody brittlegill", smells fruity but is hot tasting?
Russula sanguinaria the pink
mushroom appears to be Gomphidius roseus parasitic on the related ?
Suillus bovinus the slimy spike-cap
mushroom is edible and useful for Gomphidius glutinosus soups and stews once the layer of slime is removed?
the small bright-blue
mushroom is featured on the reverse side of the Entoloma hochstetteri New Zealand $50 bank note?
mushroom Lactarius subdulcis (pictured) is considered edible, it has a taste similar to ivy?
mushroom of wet forests in Entoloma rodwayi Tasmania turns a vivid blue-green upon drying?
the widely consumed
porcini mushroom is often confused with the fungus Boletus pinophilus (pictured)?
the odour of the poisonous
mushroom has been likened to Inocybe geophylla semen?
the odor of the North American
mushroom species carrot-foot Amanita (pictured) has been compared to an old ham bone, while the related smells of gunpowder Lepidella bleaching powder?
mushroom Laccaria laccata (pictured), initially described by the Tyrolian naturalist Scopoli, is a traditional food of the Zapotec of Oaxaca?
mushroom is known as the "sweating mushroom" because this is a striking side effect of consuming it?
Clitocybe dealbata the dark purple-brown
mushroom is edible and mild-tasting, although the Russula caerulea cap skin is bitter if chewed?
mushroom Russula xerampelina (pictured) has a taste and smell reminiscent of shellfish or crab?
the exposed flesh of the
mushroom Boletus amygdalinus (pictured) will immediately turn blue when cut?
the name of the
mushroom Amanita echinocephala (pictured) means " hedgehog-head" in Ancient Greek, referring to its spiny, or warty-looking cap?
, referring to a sacred teonanácatl mushroom of the Aztecs, translates to "the flesh of God"?
mushrooms , Boletus zelleri , B. mirabilis , Suillus americanus , S. brevipes , and S. lakei are all examples of Leccinum manzanitae edible boletes?
mushroom has been described as "beautiful, but bitter-tasting"?
Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus a specimen of
Australia's largest mushroom from Western Phlebopus marginatus Victoria weighed in at 29 kg, and caps can sometimes reach 1 metre across?
a species of
mushroom in the genus can attain Phlebopus cap diameters of up to 1 meter (3.3 ft)?
Tricholoma ustaloides (pictured), generally considered an inedible species of mushroom, is consumed by inhabitants of some Mexican communities?
although it produces its
spores on gills, the mushroom Panus conchatus (pictured) is more closely related to species with pores?
mushroom Russula delica (pictured) is technically edible, its smell of fish or bugs and acrid taste make it fairly poor fare?
despite having a
Ph.D. and being a foremost North American authority on the difficult mushroom genera and Lactarius , Russula only ever taught high school Gertrude S. Burlingham biology?
consumption of the
psychoactive mushroom by mice who compulsively bury marbles significantly inhibits this behaviour?
Psilocybe argentipes consuming the
elfin saddle mushroom would result in the harmful formation of monomethylhydrazine, a component of rocket fuel, in your body?
is a Spinellus fusiger pin mold that parasitizes several species of mushrooms?
, one of the larger Leucopaxillus albissimus mushrooms in the San Francisco Bay Area, has a fruiting body unusually resistant to decay?
Chroogomphus (pictured) is an edible mushroom that grows as a parasite on other fungi in pine forests?
mushroom species Mycena haematopus (pictured), also known as the "Bleeding Mycena", oozes a red latex when cut?
white kimchi, Shiitake mushrooms, and rice cakes made with mung beans are elements of Korean temple cuisine (pictured)?
, the Nippon Steel Corporation Japanese steelmaking giant, once ventured into mushroom cultivation in an earnest bid to avoid layoffs?
, a European Boletus calopus mushroom, derives its scientific name from the Ancient Greek for "pretty foot," referring to its attractive stalk?
, Disciotis venosa , Hygrophorus subalpinus , Mycena overholtsii , Plectania nannfeldtii , and Ramaria botrytis Clitocybe glacialis (pictured) are all mushrooms that grow in or near snowbanks?
, whose common name is "Surprise Webcap", is a Cortinarius semisanguineus mushroom that smells of radishes?
despite its fishy smell,
is considered a choice Lactarius volemus mushroom for eating?
phylogenetic relationships between the
mushroom and species of Bovista nigrescens Lycoperdaceae were established based on ITS and LSU sequence data from north European taxa?
mushroom can only be distinguished from similar Cystodermella cinnabarina fungi by performing chemical tests and microscopic analysis of spores, basidia and cystidia?
mushroom Cortinarius triumphans (pictured) has a cap which is slimy in wet weather and sticky in dry?
mushroom is featured on the cover of the book Cortinarius archeri Fungi of Southern Australia?
mushroom of Entoloma austroprunicolor Tasmania's wet forests changes from bluish-purple, to reddish purple, to purplish grey as it ages?
mushroom smells strongly of Lactarius glyciosmus coconuts?
mushroom is a popular food in Russula integra Northern Europe?
mushroom is a good substitute for Laetiporus sulphureus chicken?
mushroom is also known as the " Lactarius rubrilacteus Bleeding milkcap" because it releases a dark-red milky substance when sliced or cut?
mushroom is so named because of its acrid taste?
fire-milk Lactarius the
waxcap mushroom Hygrocybe austropratensis (pictured) has been declared an endangered species by the Government of New South Wales?
species from the underground-dwelling
mushroom genus are the preferred food source of the Gautieria Northern flying squirrel?
several species in the
mushroom order Pezizales, such as Geopyxis carbonaria (pictured), , Peziza violacea , and Peziza praetervisa , grow on burned-over ground?
Rhizina undulata royal
were often compared to favourites mushrooms, as they sprang up overnight, and grew in excrement?
" is a Devil's Cigar mushroom found only in Texas and Japan?
agaric mushroom species is found under the pines of Agaricus benesii Monterey Cypress trees and bruises pinkish-red when injured?
hallucinogenic mushroom Psilocybe naematoliformis (pictured) was first discovered in a tropical rain forest in the Uxpanapa Region of Veracruz, in southeastern Mexico?
fungus Hypomyces tremellicola is a parasite that deforms the cap of the mushroom ?
Crepidotus mollis "Pink Fairhead" is a common name for
, a small pink Calocybe carnea mushroom of grassy areas in Europe and North America?
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Question 1: International mushroom research continues today, with a focus on mushroom's that may have [18 ] hypoglycemic activity, anti- ________ activity, anti- pathogenic activity, and immune system enhancing activity.
Question 2: On the other hand, one-third of the subjects reported extreme ________.
Question 3: Most mushrooms that are sold in supermarkets have been commercially grown on ________.
Question 6: Though mushrooms are commonly thought to have little nutritional value, many species are high in fiber and provide vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, biotin, cobalamins, ________.
Question 7: Mushrooms and other ________ play a role in the development of effective biological remediation and filtration technologies.
Question 8: Though not normally a significant source of vitamin D, some mushrooms can become significant sources after exposure to ________, though this also darkens their skin.
Question 9: Before the invention of synthetic ________ mushrooms were the source of many textile dyes.
Question 10: Mushroom Observer (All images are made available under a ________ license.)