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Muscarine: Quiz

  

Question 1:
What is the chemical name of Muscarine (IUPAC)
2,6-Dimethyl-2,5-heptadien-4-one
2,5-anhydro-1,4,6-trideoxy-6---ribo-hexitol
N-2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-propylsulfanyl-phenyl)-ethyl-hydroxylamine
2,5-Cyclohexadien-1-one, 2,3,4,4,5,6-hexachloro-

Question 2:
What is Muscarine also known as?
1,3,3-Trimethyl-2-norcamphanone
Trimethylaluminium; aluminium trimethyl
--muscarine, muscarin, --trimethyl-ammonium
Quercetin 3,7,3'-trimethyl ether

Question 3: Muscarine is only a trace compound in the fly agaric ________; the pharmacologically more relevant compound from this mushroom is muscimol.
KetaminePhencyclidineDextromethorphanAmanita muscaria

Question 4: Muscarine, L-(+)-muscarine, or muscarin is a natural product found in certain ________, particularly in Inocybe and Clitocybe species, such as the deadly C. dealbata.
YeastMushroomEdible mushroomFungus

Question 5: It was the first parasympathomimetic substance ever studied and causes profound activation of the peripheral ________ that may end in convulsions and death.
NerveParasympathetic nervous systemAutonomic nervous systemSubmandibular ganglion

Question 6: Muscarine mimics the action of the neurotransmitter ________ at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
AcetylcholineKynurenic acidDextromethorphanKetamine

Question 7: Muscarine poisoning is characterized by increased salivation, sweating (perspiration), and tearflow (________) within 15 to 30 minutes after ingestion of the mushroom.
Nasolacrimal ductKeratoconjunctivitis siccaCryingTears

Question 8: With large doses, these symptoms may be followed by abdominal pain, severe nausea, ________, blurred vision, and labored breathing.
DiarrheaTraveler's diarrheaGastroenteritisVomiting

Question 9: ________ is rare, but may result from cardiac or respiratory failure in severe cases.
ImmortalityBurialDeathDeath and culture

Question 10: It was first isolated from ________ in 1869.
PhencyclidineAmanita muscariaKetamineDextromethorphan
















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