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Monosaccharide: Quiz

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Question 1: Aldohexose (Allose, Altrose, ________, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose, Talose)
CarbohydrateFructoseSucroseGlucose

Question 2: Ketohexose (Psicose, ________, Sorbose, Tagatose)
SucroseFructoseFructolysisGlucose

Question 3: They are the simplest form of sugar and are usually colorless, water-________, crystalline solids.
SolventPartition coefficientSolubility equilibriumSolubility

Question 4: Examples of monosaccharides include glucose (dextrose), ________ (levulose), galactose, xylose and ribose.
FructoseSucroseFructolysisCarbohydrate

Question 5: ________, for example, readily forms a hemiacetal linkage between its carbon1 and oxygen5 to form a 6-membered ring called a pyranoside.
CarbohydrateGlucoseFructoseSucrose

Question 6: Monosaccharides are classified by the number of ________ atoms they contain:
AluminiumUraniumOxygenCarbon

Question 7: Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar) are the most basic units of biologically important ________.
GlucoseSucroseCarbohydrateFructose

Question 8: With few exceptions (e.g., deoxyribose), monosaccharides have the ________ Cx(H2O)y with the chemical structure H(CHOH)nC=O(CHOH)mH.
HydrogenChemical formulaCarbonChemistry

Question 9: Monosaccharides contain either a ketone or ________ functional group, and hydroxyl groups on most or all of the non-carbonyl carbon atoms.
AlcoholAldehydeAlkyneAlkene

Question 10: Monosaccharides are the building blocks of disaccharides such as sucrose and polysaccharides (such as ________ and starch).
FructoseGlucoseCelluloseCarbohydrate







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