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Modern evolutionary synthesis: Quiz


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Question 1: ________ began his career in genetics as a saltationist, and started out trying to demonstrate that mutations could produce new species in fruit flies.
Thomas Hunt MorganHermann Joseph MullerCharles Scott SherringtonAlbert Szent-Györgyi

Question 2: Once symbiosis was discovered in ________ and in plant roots (rhizobia in root nodules) in the 19th century, the idea arose that the process might have occurred more widely, and might be important in evolution.
Lobaria pulmonariaPeltigeralesParmeliaceaeLichen

Question 3: The triumph of ________'s idea of continental drift came around 1960.
MeteorologyGeologyPlate tectonicsAlfred Wegener

Question 4: Early attempts to identify relationships between major groups were made in the 19th century by Ernst Haeckel, and by comparative anatomists such as Thomas Henry Huxley and ________.
Walter Frank Raphael WeldonCharles DarwinJulian HuxleyRay Lankester

Question 5: An example is the ________, whose place in the mammalia was long uncertain.
TigerLionGiant PandaRaccoon

Question 6: A particular interpretation most commonly associated with ________, author of The Selfish Gene, asserts that the gene is the only true unit of selection.
The God DelusionThe Ancestor's TaleIntelligent designRichard Dawkins

Question 7: The first step towards the synthesis was the development of ________.
Population geneticsEvolutionNatural selectionGenetic erosion

Question 8: It showed that the trends of linear progression (in for example the ________) that earlier paleontologists had used as support for neo-Lamarckism and orthogenesis did not hold up under careful examination.
Evolution of the horseEquus (genus)EquidaeDonkey

Question 9: LUCA is defined as most recent organism from which all organisms now living on Earth descend (some 3.5 to 3.8 billion years ago, in the ________ era).
Geologic time scaleArcheanHadeanPrecambrian

Question 10: The substitution of oxygen for ________ in the atmosphere, which occurred in the Proterozoic, caused probably by cyanobacteria in the form of stromatolites, caused changes leading to the evolution of aerobic organisms.
Carbon sinkCarbon dioxideGreenhouse gasCarbon cycle


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