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Mitral regurgitation: Quiz

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Question 1: This dilatation of the left ventricle can be due to any cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, including aortic insufficiency, nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and ________.
Noncompaction cardiomyopathyAortic valve stenosisEndocardial fibroelastosisMitral stenosis

Question 2: The flaw of using PISA to determine the mitral valve regurgitant orifice area is that it measures the flow at one moment in time in the ________, which may not reflect the average performance of the regurgitant jet.
Systole (medicine)Circulatory systemCardiac action potentialCardiac cycle

Question 3: Patients with ________ often have a mid-to-late systolic click and a late systolic murmur.
Mitral valve prolapseHypertrophic cardiomyopathyHeart failureMyocardial infarction

Question 4: This method assumes that the aortic valve does not suffer from ________.
Mitral stenosisAortic valve stenosisMitral regurgitationAortic insufficiency

Question 5: For instance, the ________ (ECG) in long standing mitral regurgitation may show evidence of left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitationElectrocardiographyBlood pressureCirculatory system

Question 6: ________ may also be noted on the ECG in individuals with chronic mitral regurgitation.
Heart failureHypertrophic cardiomyopathyMyocardial infarctionAtrial fibrillation

Question 7: [6][7] The current guidelines for treatment of mitral regurgitation limit the use of vasodilators to individuals with ________, however.
HypertensionEssential hypertensionAtherosclerosisAortic dissection

Question 8: [3] The most common cause of primary mitral regurgitation in the ________ (causing about 50% of primary mitral regurgitation) is myxomatous degeneration of the valve.
United StatesAlaskaCanadaPhilippines

Question 9: In the chronic state, the most commonly used agents are ________ and hydralazine.
ACE inhibitorRenin inhibitorAntihypertensive drugAngiotensin II receptor antagonist

Question 10: Mitral regurgitation (MR), mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out ________.
PlateletBlood plasmaRed blood cellBlood







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