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Microorganism: Quiz

  
  
  

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Question 1: Microbial eukaryotes can be either haploid or ________, and some organisms have multiple cell nuclei (see coenocyte).
ChromosomeKaryotypePolyploidyPloidy

Question 2: Most living things which are visible to the naked eye in their adult form are ________, including humans.
ProtistPlantFungusEukaryote

Question 3: [10] So, for most of the history of ________ the only forms of life were microorganisms.
BacteriaBiologyFungusOrganism

Question 4: Microbes are also exploited by people in ________, both in traditional food and beverage preparation, and in modern technologies based on genetic engineering.
BiotechnologyArchaeologyBioinformaticsPharmacology

Question 5: In 1876, ________ established that microbes can cause disease.
Paul EhrlichWillem EinthovenIlya Ilyich MechnikovRobert Koch

Question 6: What does the following picture show?

  Ostreococcus is the smallest known free living eukaryote with an average size of 0.8 µm
  Staphylococcus aureus bacteria magnified about 10,000x
  A cluster of Escherichia coli Bacteria magnified 10,000 times.
  Staphylococcus aureus bacteria magnified about 10,000x

Question 7: What does the following picture show?

  Staphylococcus aureus bacteria magnified about 10,000x
  Evolutionary tree showing the common ancestry of all three domains of life.[27] Bacteria are colored blue, eukaryotes red, and archaea green. Relative positions of some phyla are shown around the tree.
  Staphylococcus aureus bacteria magnified about 10,000x
  A microscopic mite Lorryia formosa.

Question 8: ________: as high as 130 °C (266 °F),[48] as low as −17 °C (1.4 °F)[49]
Water vaporLightningTemperatureThermodynamic temperature

Question 9: ________: up to 1,000-2,000 atm, down to 0 atm (e.g.
ForcePressurePressure measurementTemperature

Question 10: DNA itself is arranged in complex ________.
AutosomeKaryotypeChromosomeChromosomal translocation
















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