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Messenger RNA: Quiz


Question 1: ________ bound to the 3' UTR also may affect translational efficiency or mRNA stability.
Antisense RNASmall temporal RNAMicroRNASmall interfering RNA

Question 2: In mRNA as in DNA, genetic information is encoded in the sequence of nucleotides arranged into ________ consisting of three bases each.
Genetic codeAmino acidFrancis CrickProtein

Question 3: Messages that are being actively translated are bound by ________, the eukaryotic initiation factors eIF-4E and eIF-4G, and poly(A)-binding protein.
Cell (biology)Cell nucleusMitochondrionRibosome

Question 4: Because prokaryotic mRNA does not need to be processed or transported, translation by the ________ can begin immediately after the end of transcription.
RibosomeMitochondrionCell (biology)Cell nucleus

Question 5: mRNA is transcribed from a ________ template, and carries coding information to the sites of protein synthesis: the ribosomes.
DNANucleic acidGene expressionMorpholino

Question 6: One class of mRNA element, the ________, directly bind small molecules, changing their fold to modify levels of transcription or translation.

Question 7: Here, the nucleic acid polymer is translated into a polymer of ________: a protein.
L-DOPAAmino acid synthesisMetabolismAmino acid

Question 8: Each codon encodes for a specific ________, except the stop codons that terminate protein synthesis.
MetabolismAmino acidL-DOPAAmino acid synthesis

Question 9: This enzymatic complex ________ the chemical reactions that are required for mRNA capping.

Question 10: Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of ________ encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein product.
DNARNASmall interfering RNANon-coding RNA

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