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Macula of retina: Quiz

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Question 1: The progressive destruction of the macula is a ________ known as macular degeneration and can sometimes lead to the creation of a macular hole.
IllnessInfectionDiseasePathology

Question 2: There is some evidence that these carotenoids protect the pigmented region from some types of ________.
Optic disc drusenDiabetic retinopathyMacular degenerationGlaucoma

Question 3: Near its center is the fovea, a small pit that contains the largest concentration of ________ in the eye and is responsible for central vision, and also contains the parafovea and perifovea.
RetinaRod cellPhotoreceptor cellCone cell

Question 4: It has a diameter of around 5 mm and is often ________ defined as having two or more layers of ganglion cells.
HistologyCostamereMicrogliaAstrocyte

Question 5: The macula or macula lutea (from ________ macula, "spot" + lutea, "yellow") is an oval-shaped highly pigmented yellow spot near the center of the retina of the human eye.
Roman EmpireOld LatinLatinVulgar Latin

Question 6: Within the macula are the ________ and foveola which contain a high density of cones (photoreceptors with high acuity).
Fovea centralis in maculaRetinaCiliary musclePhotoreceptor cell

Question 7: The yellow colour comes from its content of lutein and zeaxanthin, which are yellow xanthophyll ________, derived from the diet.
RetinalLycopeneCarotenoidCarotene







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