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Luminiferous aether: Quiz


Question 1: ________ pointed out that such a fluid would be unstable.
James Clerk MaxwellGeorge GreenWilliam HopkinsIsaac Newton

Question 2: During the 1920s, the experiments pioneered by Michelson were repeated by ________, who publicly proclaimed positive results on several occasions, although not large enough to be consistent with any known aether theory.
Enrico FermiDayton MillerArthur ComptonAlbert Abraham Michelson

Question 3: ________ contended that light was made up of numerous small particles.
René DescartesImmanuel KantPlatoIsaac Newton

Question 4: The famous ________ instead compared the source light with itself after being sent in different directions, looking for changes in phase in a manner that could be measured with extremely high accuracy.
Michelson–Morley experimentLuminiferous aetherSpecial relativityAlbert Einstein

Question 5: Similarly the ________, observed by G.
Inertial navigation systemSpecial relativitySagnac effectGlobal Positioning System

Question 6: Today the idea of aether, what ________ called "one of the grandest generalizations of modern science", is regarded as a superseded scientific theory.
Robert Andrews MillikanAlbert Abraham MichelsonFrederick SeitzEnrico Fermi

Question 7: In 1720 ________ carried out a series of experiments attempting to measure stellar parallax.
James BradleyEdmond HalleyNevil MaskelyneGeorge Biddell Airy

Question 8: In addition, Maxwell's equations required that all electromagnetic waves in ________ propagate at a fixed speed, c.
VacuumUniverseVacuum pumpOuter space

Question 9: Using this approach to justify the electromotive force equation (the precursor of the ________ equation), he derived a wave equation from a set of eight equations which appeared in the paper and which included the electromative force equation and Ampère's circuital law.
Lorentz forceMaxwell's equationsElectromagnetismMagnetic field

Question 10: ________, prior to Newton, had hypothesized that light was a wave propagating through an aether, but Newton rejected this idea.
Christiaan HuygensOpticsGottfried LeibnizIsaac Newton


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