Lorentz transformation: Quiz

Question 1: In a similar way, the set of all Lorentz transformations forms a group, called the ________.
General linear groupSpecial unitary groupLorentz groupOrthogonal group

Question 2: Early in 1889, ________ had shown from Maxwell's equations that the electric field surrounding a spherical distribution of charge should cease to have spherical symmetry once the charge is in motion relative to the ether.
Oliver HeavisideElectricityMagnetismElectromagnetism

Question 3: The Lorentz transformation supersedes the Galilean transformation of Newtonian physics, which assumes an absolute space and time (see ________).
Galilean invarianceSpecial relativityClassical mechanicsKinetic energy

Question 4: Thus, the Lorentz transformation can be seen as a hyperbolic rotation of coordinates in ________, where the rapidity φ represents the hyperbolic angle of rotation.
Minkowski spaceSpecial relativitySpacetimeGeneral relativity

Question 5: This was a direct result of the Lorentz transformations and is called ________.
SpacetimeProper timeTime dilationGravitational time dilation

Question 6: Assume there are two observers O and Q, each using their own ________ to measure space and time intervals.
Parabolic coordinatesCylindrical coordinate systemCartesian coordinate systemSpherical coordinate system

Question 7: The Lorentz transformation describes only the transformations in which the spacetime event at the origin is left fixed, so they can be considered as a ________ of Minkowski space.
RotationRotation around a fixed axisEarthRigid body

Question 8: It reflects the surprising fact that observers moving at different ________ report different distances, passage of time, and in some cases even different orderings of events.
SpeedKinematicsVelocityClassical mechanics

Question 9: This can be written in another form using the ________.
Minkowski spaceSpecial relativitySpacetimeGeneral relativity

Question 10: For relative speeds much less than the speed of light, the Lorentz transformations reduce to the Galilean transformation in accordance with the ________.
Classical mechanicsQuantum mechanicsCorrespondence principleEnergy