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Logical positivism: Quiz


Question 1: Although the logical positivists held a wide range of views on many matters, they were all interested in science and skeptical of theology and ________.

Question 2:
Which of the following titles did Logical positivism have?
Bad Scene and a Basement Show
Burkiss Way, "Logical Positivism" sketch excerpt
Jeolla Province
Demolition Man

Question 3: A response to the second criticism was provided by ________ in Language, Truth and Logic, in which he sets out the distinction between "strong" and "weak" verification.
P. F. StrawsonAlfred Jules AyerBertrand RussellLudwig Wittgenstein

Question 4: The Tractatus also adhered to a correspondence theory of truth which the positivists adopted, although some, like ________, preferred a form of coherentism.
Rudolf CarnapOtto NeurathVienna CircleKarl Popper

Question 5: ________ criticized the distinction between analytic and synthetic statements and the reduction of meaningful statements to immediate experience.
Willard Van Orman QuineAristotleBertrand RussellAlfred North Whitehead

Question 6: Many logical positivists supported forms of materialism, metaphysical naturalism, and ________.
AristotleEmpiricismInductive reasoningWillard Van Orman Quine

Question 7: ________ in Germany is thought to have risen in response to Hegelian and neo-Hegelian metaphysics, which was the dominant philosophical view in Germany.

Question 8: Perhaps the view for which the logical positivists are best known is the verifiability criterion of meaning, or ________.
Vienna CircleEmpiricismVerificationismPragmatism

Question 9: After establishing this distinction, Ayer goes on to claim that "no proposition, other than a tautology, can possibly be anything more than a probable ________" (Ayer 1946:51), and therefore can only be subject to weak verification.
Scientific methodHypothesisEmpiricismPlato

Question 10: Wittgenstein also influenced the logical positivists' interpretation of ________.
Frequency probabilityRandom variableStatisticsProbability


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