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Kidney: Quiz

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Question 1: ________ have relatively large, elongated kidneys, each of which is divided into three or more distinct lobes.
EnantiornithesModern birdsBirdArchaeopteryx

Question 2: In the majority of vertebrates, the mesonephros persists into the adult, albeit usually fused with the more advanced metanephros; only in ________ is the mesonephros restricted to the embryo.
ReptileTetrapodSauropsidaAmniote

Question 3: The kidney accomplishes these homeostatic functions both independently and in concert with other organs, particularly those of the ________.
ThyroidEndocrine systemHypopituitarismEndocrinology

Question 4: The Latin term renes is related to the English word "reins", a synonym for the kidneys in ________ (eg.
English languageMiddle EnglishOld EnglishEarly Modern English

Question 5: ________ is infection of the kidneys and is frequently caused by complication of a urinary tract infection.
PyelonephritisUreteritisUrethritisCystitis

Question 6: The kidneys of fish and ________ are typically narrow, elongated organs, occupying a significant portion of the trunk.
ChordateReptileAmphibianBird

Question 7:

Question 8: [6] Input from the ________ triggers vasoconstriction in the kidney, thereby reducing renal blood flow.
Parasympathetic nervous systemAutonomic nervous systemNerveSympathetic nervous system

Question 9: Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, ________, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction.
Kidney stoneRenal tubular acidosisRenal failureAcute kidney injury

Question 10: ________ is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases.
Renal physiologyAnion gapUrinary systemNephron







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