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Ketone: Quiz


Question 1: reaction of ketones with ________ produces oximes
HydroxylamineHydrazineAmmoniaHydroxylammonium sulfate

Question 2: For specialized applications, such reactions rely on a strong oxidant such as ________ or a Cr(VI) compound.
Sodium nitriteEthanolPotassium iodidePotassium permanganate

Question 3: the reaction with phosphonium ylides in the ________ gives alkenes
Wittig reactionEtherAldehydeAlcohol

Question 4: ________ (pentane-2,4-dione) is virtually a misnomer (inappropriate name) because this species exists mainly as the monoenol CH3C(O)CH=C(OH)CH3.
Potassium permanganateAcetylacetoneSodium hydroxideAcetic anhydride

Question 5: Electrophilic addition, reaction with an ________ gives a resonance stabilized cation.

Question 6: [1] With carbonyl carbon bonded to two carbon atoms, ketones are distinct from many other functional groups, such as carboxylic acids, ________, esters, amides, and other oxygen-containing compounds.

Question 7: [5] Research has also shown ketones play a role in reducing epileptic seizures with the so-called high-fat, near-zero carbohydrate ________.
Alzheimer's diseaseEpilepsyKetogenic dietBenzodiazepine

Question 8: Ketones engage in many ________ but the most important reactions follow from the susceptibility of the carbonyl carbon toward nucleophilic addition and the tendency for the enolates to add to electrophiles.
Organoselenium chemistryOrganoboron chemistryOrganocopper compoundOrganic reaction

Question 9: The brain, in particular, relies heavily on ketone bodies as a substrate for ________ synthesis and for energy during times of reduced food intake.

Question 10: Ozonolysis, and related dihydroxylation/oxidative sequences, cleave ________ to give aldehydes and/or ketones, depending on alkene substitution pattern.

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