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Ketoacidosis: Quiz

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Question 1: Ketoacidosis is a type of metabolic acidosis which is caused by high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids and the deamination of ________.
Amino acidMetabolismAmino acid synthesisL-DOPA

Question 2: In ketoacidosis, the body fails to adequately regulate ketone production causing such a severe accumulation of keto acids that the pH of the ________ is substantially decreased.
BloodRed blood cellBlood plasmaPlatelet

Question 3: Ketoacidosis occurs when the body is producing high levels of ketone bodies via the metabolism of ________ (ketosis) and the body is producing insufficient insulin to slow this production.
Fatty acidLipidLinoleic acidButyric acid

Question 4: The presence of high blood sugar levels (________) caused by the lack of insulin can lead to further acidity in the blood.
Impaired glucose toleranceHyperglycemiaPrediabetesICD-10 Chapter XVIII: Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings

Question 5: Hyperglycemia results in glucose overloading the ________ and spilling into the urine (transport maximum for glucose is exceeded).
KidneyEndocrine systemUrinary systemLiver

Question 6: Ketoacidosis is most common in untreated type 1 ________, when the liver breaks down fat and proteins in response to a perceived need for respiratory substrate.
Diabetes mellitusDiabetic retinopathyDiabetic ketoacidosisDiabetes mellitus type 1

Question 7: This is due to ________, a direct byproduct of the spontaneous decomposition of acetoacetic acid.
CholesterolSqualeneAldosteroneAcetone

Question 8: In alcoholic ketoacidosis, ________ causes dehydration and blocks the first step of gluconeogenesis.
AlkaneAldehydeEthanolAlcohol

Question 9: The body is unable to synthesize enough glucose to meet its needs, thus creating an energy crisis resulting in ________ metabolism, and ketone body formation.
LipidButyric acidLinoleic acidFatty acid

Question 10: In diabetic patients, ketoacidosis is usually accompanied by insulin deficiency, hyperglycemia, and ________.
DehydrationHypernatremiaHyponatremiaDiabetic ketoacidosis







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