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Ischaemic heart disease: Quiz


Question 1: ________ (chest pain on exertion, in cold weather or emotional situations)
Myocardial infarctionCoronary artery diseaseAtherosclerosisAngina pectoris

Question 2: In patients with ________, stress testing or coronary angiography may be performed to identify and treat underlying coronary artery disease.
Myocardial infarctionHypertrophic cardiomyopathyAtrial fibrillationHeart failure

Question 3: Diagnosis of IHD is with an electrocardiogram, blood tests (cardiac markers), ________ or a coronary angiogram.
ElectrocardiographyCardiology diagnostic tests and proceduresCoronary artery bypass surgeryCardiac stress test

Question 4: Ischaemic or ischemic heart disease (IHD), or myocardial ischaemia, is a disease characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease (________ of the coronary arteries).
HypertensionAtherosclerosisAtheromaCardiovascular disease

Question 5: Depending on the symptoms and risk, treatment may be with medication, percutaneous coronary intervention (angioplasty) or ________ (CABG).
Cardiac surgeryCoronary artery bypass surgeryCoronary catheterizationCardiopulmonary bypass

Question 6: The disease process underlying most ischemic heart disease is ________ of the coronary arteries.
Cardiovascular diseaseAtherosclerosisHypertensionAtheroma

Question 7: This includes suppression of cholesterol (usually with statins), even in those with statistically normal cholesterol levels, control of ________, blood sugars (if diabetic), regular exercise and a healthy diet.
VasodilationRenin-angiotensin systemCirculatory systemBlood pressure

Question 8: Diagnosis of ________ generally takes places in the emergency department, where ECGs may be performed sequentially to identify "evolving changes" (indicating ongoing damage to the heart muscle).
Acute coronary syndromeCoronary artery diseaseIschaemic heart diseaseMyocardial infarction

Question 9: These include control of cholesterol levels in those with known high cholesterol, ________, and control of high blood pressure.
Patient safetySmoking cessationEpidemiologyHuman nutrition

Question 10: This process usually necessitates admission to hospital, and close observation on a coronary care unit for possible complications (such as ________ - irregularities in the heart rate).
Cardiac dysrhythmiaMyocardial infarctionSupraventricular tachycardiaAtrial fibrillation


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