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Intracranial pressure: Quiz


Question 1: [15] When it is necessary to decrease cerebral blood flow, MAP can be lowered using common ________ such as calcium channel blockers.
Antihypertensive drugAngiotensin II receptor antagonistBeta blockerDiuretic

Question 2: Cushing's triad involves an increased systolic blood pressure, a widened pulse pressure, ________, and an abnormal respiratory pattern.
BradycardiaMyocardial infarctionAtrial fibrillationTachycardia

Question 3: Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure in the cranium and thus in the brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF); this pressure is exerted on the brain's intracranial ________ circulation vessels.
Blood plasmaRed blood cellBloodPlatelet

Question 4: increase in venous pressure can be due to venous sinus thrombosis, ________, or obstruction of superior mediastinal or jugular veins.
Atrial fibrillationHypertrophic cardiomyopathyMyocardial infarctionHeart failure

Question 5: A drastic treatment for increased ICP is decompressive craniectomy, in which a part of the skull is removed and the dura mater is expanded to allow the brain to swell without crushing it or causing ________.
PeritonitisInguinal herniaHerniaCrohn's disease

Question 6: In general, symptoms and signs that suggest a rise in ICP including ________, vomiting without nausea, ocular palsies, altered level of consciousness, back pain and papilledema.
HeadacheCluster headacheMigraineTension headache

Question 7: Paralysis allows the cerebral veins to drain more easily, but can mask signs of ________, and the drugs can have other harmful effects.
SeizureConvulsionSymptomICD-10 Chapter XVIII: Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings

Question 8: Idiopathic or unknown cause (________)
MigraineIdiopathic intracranial hypertensionHydrocephalusAmaurosis fugax

Question 9: Thus if full sedation alone is ineffective, patients may be paralyzed with drugs such as ________.

Question 10: increased CSF production can occur in ________, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or choroid plexus tumor.

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