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Insulin resistance: Quiz

  

Question 1: The Diabetes Prevention Program showed that exercise and diet were nearly twice as effective as ________ at reducing the risk of progressing to type 2 diabetes.
MetforminAcarboseRepaglinideSitagliptin

Question 2: Low-________ or low-carbohydrate diets have also been shown to help.
Glycemic indexSucrosePotatoBlood sugar

Question 3: High plasma levels of insulin and glucose due to insulin resistance are believed to be the origin of ________ and type 2 diabetes, including its complications.
AtherosclerosisObesityHypertensionMetabolic syndrome

Question 4: Elevated blood levels of glucose — regardless of cause — leads to increased glycation of ________ with changes (only a few of which are understood in any detail) in protein function throughout the body.
ActinProteinMetabolismMyosin

Question 5: Insulin resistance (IR) is the condition in which normal amounts of insulin are inadequate to produce a normal insulin response from ________, muscle and liver cells.
Fatty acidFatLipidTrans fat

Question 6:
  • ________ mutations (Donohue Syndrome)
    HER2/neuInsulin receptorCD117Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor

Question 7: Given the complicated nature of the "clamp" technique (and the potential dangers of ________ in some patients), alternatives have been sought to simplify the measurement of insulin resistance.
ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseasesDiabetes mellitusHypoglycemiaEpinephrine

Question 8: ________ deficiency is also associated with insulin resistance.
1,25-DihydroxycholecalciferolMelatoninVitamin DEndocrine system

Question 9: [14] Metformin has become one of the more commonly prescribed medications for insulin resistance, and currently a newer drug, ________ (marketed as Byetta), is being used.
ExenatideSitagliptinAcarbosePramlintide

Question 10: Abnormally ________, whether the result of the effects of aging on the body or lack of physical exercise (both of which can also produce obesity)
HypertensionDiabetes mellitusPhysical exerciseSedentary lifestyle
















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