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Infective endocarditis: Quiz


Question 1: It is important that a ________ or a dental hygienist is told of any heart problems before commencing treatment.
Cleft lip and palateOrthodonticsDentistryOral and maxillofacial surgery

Question 2: ________ (mostly Streptococcus bovis), serious urinary tract infections (mostly enterococci), and IV drug (S. aureus) use can all introduce large numbers of bacteria.
Stomach cancerHepatocellular carcinomaCrohn's diseaseColorectal cancer

Question 3: Evidence of ________: pulmonary infarcts, Janeway lesions, conjunctival hemorrhages
Fat embolismEmbolismCardiovascular diseaseAir embolism

Question 4: ________ occurs in 97% of people; malaise and endurance fatigue in 90% of people.
Fever of unknown originHeadacheHyperhidrosisFatigue (medical)

Question 5: In subacute endocarditis, antibiotic treatment is based on the ________ involved, requiring the culture sensitivity report.

Question 6: This usually includes oxacillin and gentamicin IV infusions until the culture sensitivity report with the minimum inhibitory concentration comes, when the therapy can be modified to tailor to the ________.

Question 7: ________ endocarditis requires specific anti-fungal treatment, such as amphotericin B.

Question 8: Early prosthetic valve endocarditis is usually due to intraoperative contamination or a postoperative bacterial contamination which is usually ________ in nature.
Acute respiratory distress syndromeNosocomial infectionSepsisVentilator-associated pneumonia

Question 9: The most common organism responsible for infective endocarditis are viridans-group streptococci, which are highly sensitive to ________.
CycloserineBeta-lactam antibioticCephalosporinPenicillin

Question 10: Intravenous drug users tend to get their right-sided heart valves infected because the ________ that are injected enter the right side of the heart.
Internal jugular veinBrachiocephalic veinVertebral veinVein

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