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Inductive reasoning: Quiz


Question 1: Analogical reasoning is very frequent in ________, science, philosophy and the humanities, but sometimes it is accepted only as an auxiliary method.
TruthCommon senseWillard Van Orman QuineBertrand Russell

Question 2: Edwin Jaynes, an outspoken physicist and Bayesian, argued that "subjective" elements are present in all inference, for instance in choosing ________ for deductive inference; in choosing initial degrees of belief or prior probabilities; or in choosing likelihoods.
AxiomSet theoryAxiomatic systemMathematical logic

Question 3: Instead of approaching everything with severe skepticism, Hume advocated a practical skepticism based on ________, where the inevitability of induction is accepted.
Common senseTruthBertrand RussellWillard Van Orman Quine

Question 4: The premises of an inductive logical argument indicate some degree of support (inductive probability) for the conclusion but do not ________ it; i.e.
Material conditionalEntailmentTruth tablePropositional calculus

Question 5: Maximum entropy – a generalization of the ________ – and transformation groups are the two tools he produced.
Principle of indifferenceEquiprobablePrinciple of maximum entropyBayesian probability

Question 6: Unless we can systematically ________ the possibility of crows of another colour, the statement (conclusion) may actually be false.
Scientific methodEmpiricismAristotleFalsifiability

Question 7: Properties of Inductive ReasoningPDF (166 KiB), a psychological review by Evan Heit of the ________.
University of California, Santa CruzUniversity of California, IrvineUniversity of California, RiversideUniversity of California, Merced

Question 8: A refined approach is ________.
LawAnalogyAlgorithmCase-based reasoning

Question 9: Historically, ________ denied its logical admissibility.
David HumeGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelFriedrich NietzscheImmanuel Kant

Question 10: Four Varieties of Inductive Argument from the Department of Philosophy, ________.
Queens University of CharlotteChowan UniversityRadford UniversityUniversity of North Carolina at Greensboro


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