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Individual: Quiz

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Question 1: This is the most famous articulation of subject-object dualism (see ________) in the Western philosophical tradition.
Immanuel KantMaterialismSubject-object problemArthur Schopenhauer

Question 2: In his statement ________ ("I think therefore I am"), Rene Descartes posits the notion the individual subject, distinct from the world around him or her.
René DescartesCogito ergo sumAristotleSelf (philosophy)

Question 3: This ties into the idea of the liberty and rights of the individual, society as a social contract between rational individuals, and the beginnings of ________ as a doctrine.
Classical liberalismIndividualist anarchismIndividualismMax Stirner

Question 4: ________'s Objectivism regards every man as an independent, sovereign entity who possesses an inalienable right to his own life, a right derived from his nature as a rational being.
Bibliography for Ayn Rand and ObjectivismAyn RandObjectivist movementAtlas Shrugged

Question 5: From the seventeenth century on, individual indicates separateness, as in ________.
Individualist anarchismClassical liberalismIndividualismMax Stirner

Question 6: In Buddhism, the concept of the individual lies in ________, or "no-self." According to anatman, the individual is really a series of interconnected processes that, working together, give the appearance of being a single, separated whole.
NirvanaAnattaBuddha-natureĀtman (Buddhism)

Question 7: ________, for example, examines the individual's need to define his/her own self and circumstances in his concept of the will to power and the heroic ideal of the Übermensch.
Friedrich NietzscheExistentialismImmanuel KantGeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Question 8: As commonly used, an individual is a ________ or any specific object in a collection.
PersonHuman rightsPropertyCivil and political rights

Question 9: In both Sartre and Nietzsche (and in ________), the individual is called upon to create his or her own values, rather than rely on external, socially imposed codes of morality.
Nikolai LosskyFyodor DostoyevskyNikolai BerdyaevRussia

Question 10: In the I-thou relation, the individual has a personal connection to the external, and feels almost a part of whatever he or she is relating to; the subject-object dichotomy disappears (see ________).
MysticismMonismSoulNondualism







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