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Question 1: The Pati Ganita is a work on arithmetic and ________.
United States customary unitsMetric systemPlanck unitsMeasurement

Question 2: Stated Rolle's theorem, a special case of the ________ (one of the most important theorems of calculus and analysis).
Differential calculusIntegralDerivativeMean value theorem

Question 3: This Chhedi calendar (594) contains an early use of the modern place-value ________ now used universally (see also Hindu-Arabic numerals).
Counting rodsDecimalIndian numeralsHindu–Arabic numeral system

Question 4: A later landmark in Indian mathematics was the development of the series expansions for trigonometric functions (sine, cosine, and arc tangent) by mathematicians of the ________ in the fifteenth century CE.
Madhava of SangamagramaNilakantha SomayajiAryabhataKerala school of astronomy and mathematics

Question 5: ________: Quadratic equations (see Sulba Sutras, Aryabhata, and Brahmagupta), Cubic equations and Quartic equations (biquadratic equations) (see Mahavira and Bhāskara II)
Algebraic structureAlgebraVector spaceMathematics

Question 6: 150 BCE), who, although better known for his influential writings on Jaina philosophy and ________, composed a mathematical work called Tattwarthadhigama-Sutra Bhashya.
MonismAristotleDeterminismMetaphysics

Question 7: Gave the sum of a series whose terms are squares of an arithmetical progression, and gave empirical rules for ________ and perimeter of an ellipse.
SpherePolygonTriangleArea

Question 8: The most important results, series expansion for trigonometric functions, were given in ________ verse in a book by Neelakanta called Tantrasangraha and a commentary on this work called Tantrasangraha-vakhya of unknown authorship.
BuddhismSanskritPaliMantra

Question 9: They mass produced weights in regular geometrical shapes, which included hexahedra, ________, cones, and cylinders, thereby demonstrating knowledge of basic geometry.
FirkinBarrelHogsheadEnglish units

Question 10: Later Indian mathematicians such as Aryabhata made references to this text, while later ________ and Latin translations were very influential in Europe and the Middle East.
Egyptian ArabicArabic languageModern Standard ArabicAncient North Arabian
















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