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Immune system: Quiz


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Question 1: The skin and respiratory tract secrete ________ such as the β-defensins.
CathelicidinAntimicrobial peptidesBactericidal/permeability increasing proteinLysozyme

Question 2: [54] ________ or colostrum also contains antibodies that are transferred to the gut of the infant and protect against bacterial infections until the newborn can synthesize its own antibodies.
BreastfeedingBreast milkInfant formulaImmune system

Question 3: ________ are proteins used by nearly all organisms to identify molecules associated with pathogens.
Fc receptorTLR 2Toll-like receptorPattern recognition receptor

Question 4: Leukocytes (________) act like independent, single-celled organisms and are the second arm of the innate immune system.
Eosinophil granulocyteWhite blood cellPhagocyteNeutrophil granulocyte

Question 5: The glucocorticoids are the most powerful of these drugs; however, these drugs can have many undesirable side effects (e.g., ________, hyperglycemia, osteoporosis) and their use must be tightly controlled.
ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseasesChildhood obesityMalnutritionAbdominal obesity

Question 6: [59][60] In ________, obesity, alcoholism, and drug use are common causes of poor immune function.
TurkeyDeveloped countryHigh income economyHuman Development Index

Question 7: Overnutrition is also associated with diseases such as ________ and obesity which are known to affect immune function.
Diabetes mellitusDiabetic retinopathyDiabetic ketoacidosisDiabetes mellitus type 1

Question 8: [110] Other receptors–such as ________,[111] Dectin-1, lactosylceramide, and scavenger receptors–have also been identified as being able to receive signals from beta-glucans.
TLR 2TLR 1Colony stimulating factor 1 receptorCD14

Question 9: [120] Some bacteria form ________ to protect themselves from the cells and proteins of the immune system.
Pseudomonas aeruginosaBiofilmFungusMicroorganism

Question 10: This produces a catalytic cascade that amplifies the initial signal by controlled ________.
OxytocinEstrogenPositive feedbackExponential growth

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