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Idiom: Quiz

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Question 1: Likewise, many ________ are idiomatic constructs, as their meanings often not traceable to a literal (pictographic) meaning of their radicals.
Simplified Chinese charactersKanjiChinese characterChinese language

Question 2: [1] There are estimated to be at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in ________.
AlaskaUnited StatesAmerican EnglishEnglish language

Question 3: Many ________ words have idiomatic origins, but are assimilated, so losing their figurative senses.
ThoughtPerceptionAntónio DamásioNatural language

Question 4: These "deep metaphors" and their relationship to human cognition are discussed by ________ and Mark Johnson in Metaphors We Live By (1980).
George LakoffWhere Mathematics Comes FromCognitive scienceEmbodied cognition

Question 5: In linguistics, idioms are usually presumed to be ________ contradicting the principle of compositionality; yet the matter remains debated.
Scheme (linguistics)MetaphorRhetoricFigure of speech

Question 6: Greek: ἴδιος - idios, “one’s own”) is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is comprehended in regard to a common use of that expression that is separate from the literal meaning or ________ of the words of which it is made.
Ludwig WittgensteinDefinitionAristotleBertrand Russell

Question 7: As culture typically is localized, idioms often are useless beyond their local context; nevertheless, some idioms can be more universal than others, can be easily translated, and the ________ meaning can be deduced.
AnalogyRhetoricMetaphorAristotle

Question 8: This is seen in the (mostly un-inflected) ________ in polysemes, the common use of the same word for an activity, for those engaged in it, for the product used, for the place or time of an activity, and sometimes for a verb.
English languageSouth AfricaCanadaAmerican English

Question 9: An idiom is generally a colloquial metaphor — a term requiring some foundational knowledge, information, or experience, to use only within a ________, where conversational parties must possess common cultural references.
Human rightsFamilySlaveryCulture







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