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Hypovolemia: Quiz

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Question 1: The ________ should be used in the case of hemorrhages that can not be controlled by any other means.
BleedingTourniquetEmergency tourniquetSurgical tourniquet

Question 2: In physiology and ________, hypovolemia (also hypovolaemia) is a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma.
SurgeryPhysicianSpecialty (medicine)Medicine

Question 3: Oral fluids that include moderate sugars and ________ are needed to replenish depleted sodium ions.
Lead-acid batteryHalf cellElectrolyteFuel cell

Question 4: Hypovolemia can be recognized by ________, diminished blood pressure, and the absence of perfusion as assessed by skin signs (skin turning pale) and/or capillary refill on forehead, lips and nail beds.
Myocardial infarctionAtrial fibrillationTachycardiaBradycardia

Question 5: Physiologically, angiotensin II stimulates the release of hormones by the posterior pituitary gland (ADH, also known as vasopressin) and the adrenal cortex (________).
EstradiolAldosteroneProgesteroneCortisol

Question 6: Angiotensin II increases ________ by contracting arterial muscles.
Renin-angiotensin systemCirculatory systemVasodilationBlood pressure

Question 7: Rarely, it may occur as a result of a ________[5], sweating[4], and alcohol consumption[4].
Blood typeBlood transfusionBlood plasmaBlood donation

Question 8: Common causes of hypovolemia are dehydration, ________, vomiting[4], severe burns and drugs such as diuretics or vasodilators typically used to treat hypertensive individuals.
BleedingGastrointestinal bleedingBruisePurpura

Question 9: Aldosterone causes the kidneys to reabsorb ________, leading to the reabsorption of water.
SodiumPotassiumAluminiumCalcium

Question 10: These cells secrete a ________ called renin when there is a decrease in the flow of blood to the kidneys.
ProgesteroneHormoneTestosteroneEndocrine system







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