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Hypothesis: Quiz

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Question 1: Other philosophers of science have rejected the criterion of falsifiability or supplemented it with other criteria, such as verifiability (e.g., ________) or coherence (e.g., confirmation holism).
Vienna CirclePragmatismVerificationismEmpiricism

Question 2: In a related but distinguishable usage, the term hypothesis is used for the antecedent of a ________; thus in proposition "If P, then Q", P denotes the hypothesis (or antecedent); Q can be called a consequent.
Bertrand RussellPropositionAristotleNominalism

Question 3: Notably, ________ and Paul Feyerabend, both former students of Popper, have produced novel attempts at such a synthesis.
Alfred North WhiteheadImre LakatosKarl PopperAristotle

Question 4: The term derives from the Greek, ὑποτιθέναι – hypotithenai meaning "to put under" or "to suppose." For a hypothesis to be put forward as a scientific hypothesis, the ________ requires that one can test it.
Relationship between religion and scienceScientific methodPseudoscienceScience

Question 5: Scientists generally base scientific hypotheses on previous ________ that cannot be satisfactorily explained with the available scientific theories.
PseudoscienceDeterminismScientific methodObservation

Question 6: It might predict the outcome of an ________ in a laboratory setting or the observation of a phenomenon in nature.
Interaction (statistics)ExperimentStatistical unitRandomized controlled trial

Question 7: The ________ involves experimentation on the basis of hypotheses in order to answer questions and explore observations.
Relationship between religion and scienceScientific methodPseudoscienceScience

Question 8: ________, following others, has argued that a hypothesis must be falsifiable, and that one cannot regard a proposition or theory as scientific if it does not admit the possibility of being shown false.
Daniel DennettKarl PopperPragmatismRené Descartes

Question 9: Normally, scientific hypotheses have the form of a ________.
Differential equationSocial sciencesMathematical modelMathematics

Question 10: According to Karl Popper's hypothetico-deductive method (also known as the method of "conjectures and refutations") demands ________ hypotheses, framed in such a manner that the scientific community can prove them false (usually by observation).
FalsifiabilityScientific methodEmpiricismAristotle







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