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Hypokalemia: Quiz


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Question 1: ________, including thiazide diuretics (e.g.
Antihypertensive drugDiureticCalcium channel blockerBeta blocker

Question 2: Potassium is essential for many body functions, including ________ and nerve activity.
MuscleHead and neck anatomyFasciaTorso

Question 3: Rare ________ defects of renal salt transporters, such as Bartter syndrome or Gitelman syndrome, can cause hypokalemia, in a manner similar to that of diuretics.
HeredityMost recent common ancestorGenealogyMatrilineality

Question 4: Kal refers to kalium, the ________ for potassium, and -emia means "in the blood."
Renaissance LatinContemporary LatinVulgar LatinNew Latin

Question 5: [14] A feline form of hypokalaemic periodic paralysis has been described in Burmese kittens, which appears to be related to an ________ mutation.
GeneAlleleDominance (genetics)Genetics

Question 6: This ________ is maintained principally by the Na+/K+ pump.
CatalysisOxygenMolecular diffusionLung

Question 7: Disease states that lead to abnormally high ________ levels can cause hypertension and excessive urinary losses of potassium.

Question 8: These include renal artery stenosis and tumors (generally non-malignant) of the ________ glands.
ThyroidTesticleAdrenal glandEndocrine system

Question 9: The electrochemical gradient of potassium between the intracellular and extracellular space is essential for nerve function; in particular, potassium is needed to repolarize the cell membrane to a resting state after an ________ has passed.
NeuronAction potentialIon channelPhotoreceptor cell

Question 10: The hypokalaemia is thought to be from the combination of the diuretic effect of ________[7] and copious fluid intake, although it may also be related to diarrhea caused by heavy fructose ingestion.


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