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Hyperthyroidism: Quiz


Question 1: Hyperthyroidism is the term for overactive tissue within the ________ gland, resulting in overproduction and thus an excess of circulating free thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), or both.
ThyroidAdrenal glandEndocrine systemTesticle

Question 2: The most common presenting symptoms are: rapid weight loss, tachycardia (rapid heart rate), vomiting, ________, increased consumption of fluids (polydipsia) and food, and increased urine production (polyuria).
NauseaTraveler's diarrheaGastroenteritisDiarrhea

Question 3: [2] ________ in the US, and Metoprolol in the UK, are most frequently used to augment treatment for hyperthyroid patients.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitorAmitriptylinePropranololMirtazapine

Question 4: the ________), making prognosis very poor.
LungImmune systemDigestionRespiratory system

Question 5: Hyperthyroidism is very rare in dogs (occurring in less than 1 or 2% of dogs), who instead tend to have the opposite problem: ________.
HypopituitarismHypothyroidismHashimoto's thyroiditisGraves' disease

Question 6: While surgery is possible, it is often very difficult due to the invasiveness of the mass in surrounding tissue including the ________, the esophagus, and windpipe.
Systemic circulationArteryBlood vesselArterial tree

Question 7: These include fast heart beat and symptoms of palpitations, nervous system tremor and ________ symptoms, digestive system hypermotility (diarrhea), and weight loss.
Mental confusionHostilityAnxietyEmotion

Question 8: ________ are a class of drug which offset this effect, reducing rapid pulse associated with the sensation of palpitations, and decreasing tremor and anxiety.
AntianginalClonidineGuanethidineBeta blocker

Question 9: Measuring specific ________, such as anti-TSH-receptor antibodies in Graves' disease, or anti-thyroid-peroxidase in Hashimoto's thyroiditis—a common cause of HYPOthyroidism—may also contribute to the diagnosis.
AntibodyAdaptive immune systemImmune systemAutoantibody

Question 10: On the other hand, a lack of functioning thyroid tissue results in a symptomatic lack of thyroid hormone, termed ________.
Hashimoto's thyroiditisHypothyroidismGraves' diseaseHypopituitarism


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