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Human lung: Quiz


Question 1: In addition, they remove several ________-bourne substances, e.g.
Blood plasmaPlateletBloodRed blood cell

Question 2: In ________ fluid from the capillaries enters the alveoli.
Pulmonary edemaPneumoniaHydrothoraxHemothorax

Question 3: ________ is an immunological disease which causes the bronchioles to narrow by inflammation and spasm of the lining of the airway wall.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitisAsthmaAllergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosisFarmer's lung

Question 4: ________ is a hereditary disease which causes the lung to produce abnormally viscous mucus.
Cystic fibrosisMalignant hyperthermiaPneumoniaCoeliac disease

Question 5: Mucus-secreting cells, cells with tiny hairs called cilia or ________, and cells from the immune system line the airways and protect the lungs by trapping pollen, bacteria, viruses and dust to prevent them from entering the lungs.

Question 6: Transplantation now allows for a person to have a single ________, a double-lung transplant, or a transplant of both the heart and lungs.
Lung transplantationKidney transplantationHeart transplantationImmunosuppressive drug

Question 7: PGE1, PGE2, PGF, ________, serotonin, bradykinin.
LipoxinLeukotrieneEicosanoidArachidonic acid

Question 8: A pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot obstructs an ________ leading to the lung.
ArteryBlood vesselSystemic circulationArterial tree

Question 9: As oxygen requirements increase due to ________, a greater volume of the lungs is perfused, allowing the body to reach its CO2/O2 exchange requirements.
Strength trainingPhysical exerciseObesityMajor depressive disorder

Question 10: the parasympathetic nervous system via ________ which acts on the M-1 muscarinic receptors and maintains the resting tone of the bronchiolar smooth muscle.
DextromethorphanAcetylcholineKynurenic acidKetamine


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