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Question 1: [10] In the ________ scholars frequently employed the principles developed in earlier Greek thought: the application of mathematics and deliberate empirical research, in their scientific investigations.
Alexander the GreatDiadochiHellenistic periodSeleucid Empire

Question 2: Additional specialties such as ________, cognitive linguistics, and computational linguistics have emerged from collaboration between linguistics and other disciplines.
GrammarVariety (linguistics)Language ideologySociolinguistics

Question 3: ________ was concerned with the modernization of society through the concept of rationalization, which he believed would trap individuals in an "iron cage" of rational thought.
Karl MarxMax WeberAustrian SchoolSocialism

Question 4: Pauling's work culminated in the physical modelling of ________, the secret of life (in the words of Francis Crick, 1953).
ProteinGeneDNARNA

Question 5: Mendel's laws provided the beginnings of the study of ________, which became a major field of research for both scientific and industrial research.
DNAEvolutionBiologyGenetics

Question 6: Neither reason nor inquiry began with the Ancient Greeks, but the Socratic method did, along with the idea of ________, great advances in geometry, logic, and the natural sciences.
René DescartesTheaetetus (dialogue)PlatoTheory of Forms

Question 7: In particular, ________ is "considered by many to be the father of chemistry".
Abbasid CaliphateAl-KindiGeberAlchemy

Question 8: In the 1930s, Arthur Tansley and others began developing the field of ________, which combined experimental soil science with physiological concepts of energy and the techniques of field biology.
Ecosystem ecologySystems ecologyLithotrophEcosystem model

Question 9: Muslim scientists placed far greater emphasis on experiment than had the ________.
Greek diasporaGreeksGreeceGreek language

Question 10: Given the dual status of science as objective knowledge and as a human construct, good historiography of science draws on the ________ of both intellectual history and social history.
Scholarly methodScientific methodSource criticismHistorical method







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