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History of physics: Quiz

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Question 1: Many contributions were made by many thinkers, including ________ (Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης) (c.
DemocritusEuclidArchimedesThales

Question 2: At the end of the century, the members of the ________ had attained clear dominance in the field.
Shiing-Shen ChernPeter LaxRaoul BottFrench Academy of Sciences

Question 3: [10] However, he either discarded or rationalized any empirical data that did not support his ________ paradigm.
AvicennaNominalismPlatonismAristotle

Question 4: The interaction of these particles by “________” and “decay” provided a key to new fundamental quantum theories.
LightScatteringPhotonX-ray crystallography

Question 5: (Notably, he reserved human thought and ________ from his scheme, holding these to be separate from the physical universe).
PantheismTheologyGodNontheism

Question 6: British work, carried on by mathematicians such as Brook Taylor and ________, fell behind Continental developments as the century progressed.
EdinburghColin MaclaurinJames Gregory (mathematician)Isaac Newton

Question 7: Due to his positivist approach,[19] his Doubts Concerning Ptolemy insisted on scientific demonstration and criticized Ptolemy's ________ and conjectural undemonstrated theories.
Cognitive biasSelection biasConfirmation biasInformation bias (epidemiology)

Question 8: Celestial objects were described as moving in circles, because perfect circular motion was considered an innate property of objects that existed in the uncorrupted realm of the ________.
Geocentric modelCelestial spheresHeliocentrismGreek astronomy

Question 9: Although he wrote at least fourteen books, almost nothing of ________' direct work survived.
CallippusAlmagestHipparchusEratosthenes

Question 10: Their work was soon allied with the theories of similar but less-known work by the German physician Julius Robert von Mayer and physicist and physiologist ________ on the conservation of forces.
William Thomson, 1st Baron KelvinPhysicsHermann von HelmholtzLight







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