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History of petroleum: Quiz


Question 1: Through Islamic Spain, distillation became available in ________ by the 12th century.
Western EuropeCentral EuropeEastern EuropeNorthern Europe

Question 2: The world's first commercial oil well was drilled in ________ in 1853 [14], and the second in nearby Romania in 1857.

Question 3: The top three oil producing countries are Saudi Arabia, ________, and the United States.
RussiaMoscowUkraineRussian culture

Question 4: These fields were described by the Arab geographer Abu al-Hasan 'Alī al-Mas'ūdī in the 10th century, and by ________ in the 13th century, who described the output of those wells as hundreds of shiploads.
Niccolò and Maffeo PoloMongol EmpireMarco PoloSilk Road

Question 5: The modern history of petroleum began in the 19th century with the refining of ________ from crude oil.
CarbonDiesel fuelCoalKerosene

Question 6: Early "local" finds like those in Pennsylvania and Ontario were quickly outpaced by demand, leading to "oil booms" in Ohio, Texas, Oklahoma, and ________.
Sacramento, CaliforniaSan Jose, CaliforniaCaliforniaLos Angeles

Question 7: The earliest known oil wells were drilled in ________ in 347 AD or earlier.
Province (China)ChinaTime in ChinaReligion in China

Question 8: See also the Pennsylvanian oil rush The industry grew through the 1800s, driven by the demand for ________ and oil lamps.

Question 9: Oil was exploited in the Roman province of ________, now in Romania, where it was called picula.
RomaniansDacia (Roman province)Romania during World War IDacia

Question 10: The first oil well in North America was in Oil Springs, Ontario, ________ in 1858, dug by James Miller Williams.
CanadaUnited StatesUnited KingdomBarbados

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