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History of classical mechanics: Quiz

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Question 1: Newton and most of his contemporaries, with the notable exception of ________, hoped that classical mechanics would be able to explain all entities, including (in the form of geometric optics) light.
Christiaan HuygensBlaise PascalIsaac NewtonGottfried Leibniz

Question 2: From ________'s heliocentric hypothesis Galileo believed the Earth was just the same as any other planet.
HeliocentrismPolish–Lithuanian CommonwealthJohannes KeplerNicolaus Copernicus

Question 3: It wasn't until ________'s development of the telescope and his observations that it became clear that the heavens were not made from a perfect, unchanging substance.
Isaac NewtonScientific revolutionScientific methodGalileo Galilei

Question 4: [1] Early yet incomplete theories pertaining to mechanics were also discovered by several other Muslim physicists during the ________.
Early Middle AgesHigh Middle AgesMiddle AgesLate Middle Ages

Question 5: Newton also developed the ________ which is necessary to perform the mathematical calculations involved in classical mechanics.
CalculusDerivativeIntegralDifferential calculus

Question 6: When combined with classical thermodynamics, classical mechanics leads to the ________ in which entropy is not a well-defined quantity.
Identical particlesStatistical mechanicsIdeal gasGibbs paradox

Question 7: Similarly, the different behaviour of classical ________ and classical mechanics under velocity transformations led to the theory of relativity.
ElectromagnetismMagnetic fieldClassical electromagnetismMaxwell's equations

Question 8: ________ extended Newton's laws of motion from particles to rigid bodies with two additional laws.
Isaac NewtonPierre-Simon LaplaceLeonhard EulerJoseph Louis Lagrange

Question 9: The effort at resolving these problems led to the development of ________.
Quantum mechanicsIntroduction to quantum mechanicsWave–particle dualitySchrödinger equation

Question 10: He led to the conclusion that in a ________ there is no reason for a body to naturally move to one point rather than any other, and so a body in a vacuum will either stay at rest or move indefinitely if put in motion.
UniverseVacuumVacuum pumpOuter space







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