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Historical linguistics: Quiz


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Question 1: ________ is the study of the history of words—when they entered a language, from what source, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.
EtymologyMorphology (linguistics)Historical linguisticsLinguistics

Question 2: In this way, word roots have been found which can be traced all the way back to the origin of, for instance, the Indo-European ________.
Language familyAltaic languagesMayan languagesLanguage isolate

Question 3: ________ is now, however, only a part of a more broadly conceived discipline of historical linguistics.
Internal reconstructionEtymologyComparative linguisticsMorphology (linguistics)

Question 4: Less standard techniques, such as ________, are used by some linguists to overcome the limitations of the comparative method, but most linguists regard them as unreliable.
Altaic languagesMass comparisonJoseph GreenbergAfroasiatic languages

Question 5: While words are generally accepted as being (with ________) the smallest units of syntax, it is clear that in most (if not all) languages, words can be related to other words by rules.
CliticInflectionPreposition and postpositionSwedish language

Question 6: In addition to the minimal meaningful sounds (the phonemes), phonology studies how sounds alternate, such as the /p/ in English, and topics such as ________ structure, stress, accent, and intonation.
Mora (linguistics)GeminationSyllableVowel length

Question 7: Whereas phonetics is about the physical production and ________ of the sounds of speech, phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HegelPerceptionImmanuel KantArthur Schopenhauer

Question 8: Even though etymological research originally grew from the philological tradition, nowadays much etymological research is done in ________ where little or no early documentation is available, such as Uralic and Austronesian.
Altaic languagesMayan languagesLanguage isolateLanguage family

Question 9: Also, the work of ________ on linguistic variation has shown synchronic states are not uniform: the speech habits of older and younger speakers differ in ways which point to language change.
GrammarVariety (linguistics)Language ideologySociolinguistics

Question 10: However, etymologists also apply the methods of ________ to reconstruct information about languages that are too old for any direct information (such as writing) to be known.
EtymologyComparative linguisticsHistorical linguisticsInternal reconstruction

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