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Historical definitions of race: Quiz


Question 1: From the 17th through the 19th centuries, the merging of folk beliefs about group differences with scientific explanations of those differences produced what one scholar has called an "________ of race" (Smedley 1999).
Jürgen HabermasIdeologySociologyPolitics

Question 2: ________ wrote one paper, "On the Geographical Distribution of the Chief Modifications of Mankind" (1870), in which he proposed a distinction within the human species, 'races', and their distribution across the earth.
Charles LyellThomas Henry HuxleyAdam SedgwickWilliam Whewell

Question 3: Older concepts that were also at least partly based on common descent, such as ________ and tribe, entail a much larger number of groupings.
LawEthnic groupNationNation state

Question 4: ________ from Rome to China tended to invest much more importance in familial or tribal affiliation than with one's physical appearance (Dikötter 1992; Goldenberg 2003).
Greco-Roman worldClassicsClassical antiquityRoman Empire

Question 5: The rise of the ________, which gradually displaced an earlier trade in slaves from throughout the world, created a further incentive to categorize human groups in order to justify the subordination of African slaves.
Pan-AfricanismScramble for AfricaAtlantic slave tradeAfrican slave trade

Question 6: A comment made by the historian of the 3rd century ________ describes barbarians of blonde hair and green eyes "who resemble the monkeys from which they are descended."[2](Gossett, pp. 4).
Tang DynastySong DynastyHan DynastyMing Dynasty

Question 7: It should be noted that Foucault makes the distinction between race struggle and state racism or ________ in general.
Racial segregationSouth Africa under apartheidEthnic cleansingRacism

Question 8: He thought it corresponded to the ancient Indo-European culture, also known as "________".
Aryan raceMiscegenationIranian peoplesAryan

Question 9: Among the 19th century naturalists who defined the field were ________, James Cowles Pritchard, Louis Agassiz, Charles Pickering (Races of Man and Their Geographical Distribution, 1848).
Georges CuvierPaleontologyMammalDinosaur

Question 10: Many significant criticisms also came from the school of ________ beginning in the 1920s.
Gottfried LeibnizNoam ChomskyStructuralismFranz Boas


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