# Higgs mechanism: Quiz

Question 1: In particle physics, the Higgs mechanism is a theoretical framework which explains how the masses of the ________ arise through spontaneous electroweak symmetry breaking.
W and Z bosonsStandard ModelQuarkElectron

Question 2: In a relativistic ________, the vector bosons are natively massless, like the photon, leading to long-range forces.
Introduction to gauge theoryStandard ModelGauge theoryQuantum field theory

Question 3: To see this, consider the effect of a ________ on the field.
Gauge theoryStandard ModelQuantum field theoryIntroduction to gauge theory

Question 4: The problem with ________ models in particle physics is that, according to Goldstone's theorem, they come with massless scalar particles.
RenormalizationSpontaneous symmetry breakingHiggs mechanismQuantum field theory

Question 5: The Higgs mechanism can be considered as the ________ in the vacuum.
NiobiumIron-based superconductorFlux pumpingSuperconductivity

Question 6: The Higgs mechanism was incorporated into modern particle physics by Steven Weinberg and is an essential part of the ________.
PhotonStandard ModelHiggs bosonQuark

Question 7: The Higgs field has a non-trivial self-interaction, like the ________, which leads to spontaneous symmetry breaking: in the lowest energy state the symmetry of the potential (which includes the gauge symmetry) is broken by the condensate.
RenormalizationSpontaneous symmetry breakingHiggs mechanismQuantum field theory

Question 8: After symmetry breaking, three of the four degrees of freedom in the Higgs field mix with the W and Z bosons, while the one remaining degree of freedom becomes the ________ – a new scalar particle.
Higgs bosonStandard ModelTop quarkQuark

Question 9: The quantities γμ are the ________, and Gψ is the already-mentioned "Yukawa"-coupling parameter.
Gamma matricesDirac equationSpinorPauli matrices

Question 10: The only observed particles which could be interpreted as Goldstone bosons were the ________.
QuarkMesonPionKaon