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Heart failure: Quiz


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Question 1: Immediated treatments usually involve some combination of vasodilators such as nitroglycerin, diuretics such as furosemide, and possibly ________ (NIPPV).
Shock (circulatory)Acute respiratory distress syndromePositive airway pressureMechanical ventilation

Question 2: Dullness of the lung fields to finger percussion and reduced breath sounds at the bases of the lung may suggest the development of a ________ (fluid collection in between the lung and the chest wall).
PneumothoraxPleural effusionPleurisyPneumonia

Question 3: ________ (high blood pressure)10%
HypertensionEssential hypertensionAortic dissectionAtherosclerosis

Question 4: ________ involves enlargement and thickening of the heart muscle.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathyAortic valve stenosisMyocardial infarctionAtrial fibrillation

Question 5: This can occur in the context of severe ________, Gram negative septicaemia, beriberi (vitamin B1/thiamine deficiency), thyrotoxicosis, Paget's disease, arteriovenous fistulae or arteriovenous malformations.
AnemiaAplastic anemiaPernicious anemiaIron deficiency anemia

Question 6: As a result, ________ may be used to identify possibilities for revascularisation through percutaneous coronary intervention or bypass surgery.
ICD-9-CM Volume 3Cardiac catheterizationCoronary catheterizationCardiology diagnostic tests and procedures

Question 7: Angiotensin and its metabolites cause further vasocontriction, and stimulate increased secretion of the steroid aldosterone from the ________.
Adrenal glandEndocrine systemTesticleThyroid

Question 8: In tropical countries, the most common cause of HF is valvular heart disease or some type of ________.
Heart failureHypertrophic cardiomyopathyCardiomyopathyMyocarditis

Question 9: This most commonly results from an intercurrent illness (such as pneumonia), myocardial infarction (a heart attack), arrhythmias, uncontrolled ________, or a patient's failure to maintain a fluid restriction, diet or medication.
Aortic dissectionHypertensionAtherosclerosisEssential hypertension

Question 10: An ________ (ECG/EKG) may be used to identify arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, right and left ventricular hypertrophy, and presence of conduction delay or abnormalities (e.g.
Circulatory systemCardiopulmonary resuscitationElectrocardiographyBlood pressure

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