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Greek astronomy: Quiz


Question 1: This tradition began with the Pythagoreans, who placed astronomy among the four mathematical arts (along with ________, geometry, and music).

Question 2: The equivalent names in ________ are the basis for the modern English names of the planets.
Ancient RomePontifex MaximusRoman festivalsRoman mythology

Question 3: For the Sun, he used a simple eccentric model, based on observations of the ________, which explained both changes in the speed of the Sun and differences in the lengths of the seasons.

Question 4: In classical Greece, astronomy was a branch of ________; astronomers sought to create geometrical models that could imitate the appearances of celestial motions.
Mathematical logicGeometrySet theoryMathematics

Question 5: Five planets can be seen with the naked eye: Mercury, Venus, Mars, ________, and Saturn.
JupiterIo (moon)Ganymede (moon)Callisto (moon)

Question 6: He was also the last innovative astronomer before Claudius Ptolemy, a mathematician who worked at ________ in Roman Egypt in the 2nd century CE.
Ancient GreeceGreeceAlexander the GreatAlexandria

Question 7: In the ________ and the Odyssey, Homer refers to the following celestial objects:
IliadAchillesTrojan WarOdysseus

Question 8: The development of astronomy by the Greek and Hellenistic astronomers is considered by historians to be a major phase in the ________.
Abu Rayhan BiruniAlhazenHistory of astronomyHistory of science

Question 9: (________ of the equinoxes is a slow motion of the place of the equinoxes through the zodiac, caused by the shifting of the Earth's axis).
Axial precession (astronomy)ForceGeneral relativityPrecession

Question 10: According to ________, he observed a nova (new star).
Roman EmpireCastraRoman NavyPliny the Elder


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